First Aid Kit
Having even a basic first aid kit is a must for both home and on the move - you never know when you might need one. From a plaster for a cut finger to a face shield for giving CPR, I can’t stress enough how important it is to be prepared for the “oopsy daisy” moments. These are some of the main items that your kits should be stocked up with: thermometer, antiseptic wipes, plasters, bandages, cold compress, sterile dressings, medical tape, and tweezers. Regularly check contents and expiry dates of your first aid kits and if the kit is intended for baby bag make sure you don’t put and sprays, creams, lotions or tablets in it which are unsuitable for baby. Daisy First Aid kids are available to buy here.
Sit or lay the child down. Examine the area. Do not remove embedded objects from wounds, they could be stemming a further bleed. If nothing is embedded, apply direct pressure for at least 10 minutes. Dress the injury with a sterile dressing. For a minor bleed wash the wound with running water and apply a sterile dressing. Treat for shock if required. Any bleeding for more than 20 minutes requires medical attention.
Minor head injuries often cause a bump or a bruise. As long as the child is awake and with no deep cuts it is unlikely there will be any serious damage. Other signs of a minor head injury can include, a minor headache, nausea, mild dizziness, mild blurred vision. If the head injury is a minor one with no worsening symptoms the child is allowed to sleep providing you monitor them and can rouse them easily. Any prolonged bleeding, sickness, fitting, dizziness, headache, pale clammy skin, disorientation, speech or sight problems seek help immediately.
Cool a burn for a minimum of 20 minutes ideally under running water. Remove any jewellery/clothing not stuck to the skin. Dress the burn with a sterile dressing that won’t stick. Cling film is ideal temporary dressing to stop infection. If the burn appears severe or covers a large percentage of the child’s body seek medical assistance. In the home be aware that hair straighteners/tongs heat up to 250 degrees and can burn up to 20 mins after being switched off.
Gagging & Choking
Gagging - is noisy and loud a child will cough and splutter and appear red in the face.
Mild choking - A child will be able to cough or cry. When this happens, remain calm and encourage them to cough.
Severe choking - on the other hand is completely silent. The child will be unable to talk, cry or cough, breathing maybe wheezy or absent. Skin may flush and then turn pale or blue.
Encourage them to cough and if ineffective (babies up-to one) lay baby over your arm using your lap to support with their head lower than the heart, support the head.
Give up to 5 back blows between their shoulder blades with the heel of your hand, check after each blow for the dislodged item. If 5 back blows are ineffective turn baby over still supporting the head and keep head lower than the heart. Using two fingers in the centre of the chest, give up to 5 chest thrusts pressing downwards. If the obstruction has not cleared keep repeating 5 back blows and 5 chest thrust until the item is dislodged.
If baby becomes unconscious start CPR immediately.
Call 111 for medical advice and for all medical emergencies call 999 straight away. Place the phone on loudspeaker and they will talk you through everything you need to do until help arrives.
And there you have it - the top five first aid tips every parent should know! If you are interested in learning more from Chloe or one of the Daisy First Aid team, there are classes nationwide and four other “Daisies” covering all of Essex, so you will definitely be able to find a class near you.
Upcoming venue classes available to book in the Southend area:
- Wednesday 20th February 2019 - Leigh Community Centre at 10.30am
- Thursday 21st March - Do It Like A Mother HQ at 7.00pm
To book on these classes contact [email protected] to book a space, or alternatively book a space under events on the Daisy First Aid Southend facebook page.